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Unintended Nutrient Imbalance Induced By Wastewater Effluent Inputs to Receiving Water and Its Ecological Consequences

Image of river flooding

Jim Elser, Yindong Tong, and Xuejun Wang discuss why long-term strategies for domestic wastewater management should not only focus on the total reduction of nutrient discharge through narrow and targeted removal of specific external nutrient inputs but also consider their stoichiometric balances in receiving waters.